There are various types of psoriasis that can affect a person on different levels and severity:
1) Plaque Psoriasis- Also known as “Psoriasis Vulgaris”. This consists mainly of reddened, thick and sore skin areas that are covered with whitish or silvery scales that are called plaques. This is usually the most common type of Psoriasis. Signs and symptoms: itching, thickening of patches, localised or combined plaques of different sizes, commonly around knees, elbows, lower back, scalp, and nails.Silvery coated plaques and ridged nails.
2) Guttate Psoriasis-This consists of mainly little and random patches at localised areas such as the hands, feet, the back or the scalp. This is the second most common type of psoriasis. Signs and symptoms: pink, scaled and irritated skin at the affected areas. May cause infections in the upper respiratory system leading to strep throats.
3) Pustular Psoriasis- This type of psoriasis is usually caused by medications, contaminations, pressure or anxiety or exposure to hazardous materials. It is most commonly found in areas such as the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet. Signs and symptoms: white blisters with pus on the skin surface, painful or irritated skin. Discomfort and ache with the blisters, scarring brown dots on the skin after pus is dried.
4) Inverse Psoriasis- This type of Psoriasis is usually associated with the other types of Psoriasis that may be seen at the same time in a person. This may be more prominent in skin folds areas such as the armpits which may get worse by friction and heavy sweating during strenuous physical activities. Signs and symptoms: irritated red patches with smooth and glossy effect.
5) Erythrodermic Psoriasis- This consists of the type of Psoriasis that usually affects the greatest body surface area with inflamed red skin. This may be the result of prolonged time under the sun or medications or even due to negligence in controlling the initial stages of psoriasis. Erythrodermic Psoriasis may be very risky in some cases as it may be linked with cardiac arrest, hypothermia and electrolytes disproportion. Signs and symptoms: largely inflamed and red skin areas with little scaling that can cover almost the whole-body surface area. It comes with intense itching and severe aches.
6) Psoriatic Arthritis- Now this consists ofan inflammation that may be caused in the joints of the person suffering from the condition, most commonly in the knees, hands, elbows and ankles. It can range from mild to severe, and in the long run, may lead to stiffness and progressive damage without the necessary precautions. Signs and symptoms: Swollen and painful joints along with inflamed skin plaques. Some people can have one or more than one type of Psoriasis at the same time. If untreated, psoriasis can lead to other potential and risky health conditions in the long run, such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, Crohn’s disease,depression, obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity, osteoporosis, uveitis and liver disease. In worst situations, psoriasis may be linked to Arthritis, and according to the National Psoriasis Foundation, around 10-30% of psoriasis sufferers are aggrieved by arthritis.